Construction of a motion model of a linear dynamic system with multi-point conditions.

Раецкий К. А. Construction of a motion model of a linear dynamic system with multi-point conditions. // Taurida Journal of Computer Science Theory and Mathematics, – 2021. – T.20. – №1. – P. 65-80
logo DOI

A model of motion of a dynamic system with the condition that the trajectory passes through
arbitrarily specified points at arbitrarily specified times is constructed. The simulated motion
occurs at the expense of the input vector-function, calculated for the first time by the method of
indefinite coefficients. The proposed method consists in the formation of the vector function of
the trajectory of the system and the input vector function in the form of linear combinations of
scalar fractional rational functions with undefined vector coefficients. To change the shape of the
trajectory to the specified linear combinations, an exponential function with a variable exponent
is introduced as a factor.

To determine the vector coefficients, the formed linear combinations are substituted directly
into the equations describing the dynamic system and into the specified multipoint conditions.
As a result, a linear algebraic system is formed.

The resulting algebraic system has coefficients at the desired parameters only matrices
included in the Kalman condition of complete controllability of the system, and similar matrices
with higher degrees.

It is proved that the Kalman condition is sufficient for the solvability of the resulting algebraic
system. To form an algebraic system, the properties of finite-dimensional mappings are used:
decomposition of spaces into subspaces, projectors into subspaces, semi-inverse operators. For
the decidability of the system, the Taylor formula is applied to the main determinant.

For the practical use of the proposed method, it is sufficient to solve the obtained algebraic
system and use the obtained linear formulas. The conditions for complete controllability of the
linear dynamic system are satisfied. To prove this fact, we use the properties of finite-dimensional
mappings. They are used in the decomposition of spaces into subspaces, in the construction of
projectors into subspaces, in the construction of semi-inverse matrices. The process of using these
properties is demonstrated when solving a linear equation with matrix coefficients of different
dimensions with two vector unknowns.

A condition for the solvability of the linear equation under consideration is obtained, and
this condition is equivalent to the Kalman condition. In order to theoretically substantiate the
solvability of a linear algebraic system, to determine the sought vector coefficients, the solvability
of an equivalent system of linear equations is proved. In this case, algebraic systems arise with the
main determinant of the following form: the first few lines are lines of the Wronsky determinant
for exponential-fractional-rational functions participating in the construction of the trajectory of
motion at the initial moment of time; the next few lines are the lines of the Wronsky determinant
for these functions at the second given moment in time, and so on. The number of rows is also
related to the Kalman condition - it is the number of matrices in the full rank controllability
matrix. Such a determinant for the exponential-fractional-rational functions under consideration
is nonzero.

The complexity of proving the existence of the trajectory and the input vector function in a
given form for the system under consideration is compensated by the simplicity of the practical
solution of the problem.

Due to the non-uniqueness of the solution to the problem posed, the trajectory of motion
can be unstable. It is revealed which components of the desired coefficients are arbitrary and
they should be fixed to obtain motion with additional properties.

Keywords: dynamical system, multipoint motion model, undetermined coefficients method,
process implementation.