Canonical systems of basic invariants for symmetry groups of Hessian polyhedrons.

Let $G$ be a finite unitary reflection group acting on the $n$-dimensional unitary
space $U^n$. The algebra $I^G$ of $G$-invariant polynomials is generated by n algebraically independent
homogeneous polynomials $f_1(x_1, . . . , x_n), . . . , f_n(x_1, . . . , x_n)$ of degrees $m_1 \leqslant m_2 \leqslant · · · \leqslant m_n$ (a
system of basic invariants of group $G$) [1]. According to [4] (cf. [2]) a system ${f_1, . . . , f_n}$ of
basic invariants is said to be canonical if it satisfies the following system of partial differential

$$ \bar{f_i}(\partial)f_j = 0$$

where a differential operator $\bar {f_i}(\partial)$ is obtained from polynomial $f_i$ if coefficients of polynomial to
substitute by the complex conjugate and variables $x_i$ to substitute by $\frac{\partial}{\partial x_i}$ .
In this paper, canonical systems of basic invariants were constructed in explicit form for
symmetry groups of Hessian polyhedrons — groups $W(L_3), W(M_3)$ generated by reflections in
unitary space $U^3$.

Keywords: unitary space, reflection, reflection groups, algebra of invariants, basic invariant,
canonical system of basic invariants.