The mechanisms of decision-making intellectualization based on distributed cognitive resources
In the article the theoretical and practical results of researches are generalized on the problem of intellectualization of decision-making in the conditions of global informatively-communication environment. Results are got within the framework of implementation of the proper scientiﬁc programs and realization of the diﬀerent (including international) applied projects.
Under the decision-making the choice of the best (on some criterion) alternative is understood from the ﬁnite set of possible variants for permission of problem situation. The term “intellectualization” is examined as process of integration in the mechanisms of decision-making innovative knowledge, providing the competitive edges for the states, companies and having a special purpose groups of population. Innovative knowledge (further are knowledge) are the structured information giving the maximal competitive edges at the decision of concrete practical tasks. The specialized complexes of the programs, known as systems of support of decision-making, are the basic mean of intellectualization.
The problems of intellectualization are formulated in the directives documents of guidance of the largest countries of world. Interesting results which touch the economic and social aspects of problem mainly are got. The questions of design and a algorithmization of process of intellectualization are investigational, unfortunately, it is not enough, that hampers his realization in practice. In particular, major questions tied-up are opened: (1) with the choice of form of knowledge representation for their eﬀective use; (2) with construction of stage providing access to knowledge of diﬀerent categories of users (from the presidents of the states to the having a special purpose groups of population); (3) with integration of the knowledge got from local sources, in the global systems of accumulation; (4) with diminishing of speed of obsolescence of knowledge, i.e. by providing of their permanent competence; (5) with the choice of knowledge in most degree proper appropriate to preferences and level of provisioning of users.
The complex decision of tasks (1–5) is represented in the article based on the synthesis of elements of theory of decision-making, theory of organization and possibilities of modern communications and programmatic technologies. This decision of problem of intellectualization of decision-making is in-process considered on the basis of synthesis of elements of expert knowledge and cognitive resources the Internet. Conception of intellectualization is developed on the basis of the innovative knowledge represented in the form of subject collections. The models of subject collection and stage of realization of its life cycle are oﬀered. The charts of algorithms of construction, choice, estimation and actualization of subject collections are represented. The variant of the system, realizing algorithms on the basis of multi agent approach in the form of portal, and experience of his application, is described for the decision of practical tasks.